This park was built between 1900 and 1914 and was officially opened as a public park in 1926. It was originally planned to be a housing estate with big gardens and green spaces for around 60 villas but only two houses were actually completed due to a lack of interest. One of which Gaudí lived in, though designed by architect Francesc Berenguer in 1904.
The park’s design, as all of Gaudí’s works, is built with the natural environment on which it was situated, taking advantage of the mountain it sits in, rather than fighting it. The park is in 17 hectares and includes rounded forms, columns that look like tree trunks, animal figures and mimics nature’s shapes. Most of the architectonic elements are decorated with mosaics made from colourful ceramic pieces with a technique called “trencadis” which Gaudí is said to have invented. The technique is used to cover structures with colourful mosaic, normally in odd shapes and pieces of ceramic, glass or marble tiles.
The park owes its name to Eusebi Güell who commissioned Antoni Gaudi for building Park Güell. Back in those days, the mountain was called “Muntanya Pelada” (bare mountain) because it was so barren. It is almost impossible to imagine what that might have looked like.