The construction of the Sacred Cor church, which gives the Tibidabo its distinction from the city, started in 1902 after an eclectic design by Enric Sagnier i Villavecchia; replacing an earlier chapel from 1886. The church took about 60 years to build.
Sagrat Cor is perhaps the most apt of Tibidabo’s attractions as the local legend says it is where the devil tempted Jesus. The name Tibidabo comes from a piece of the Latin version of the bible, Matthew 4:9 and Luke 4:6. ‘Haec omnia tibi dabo si cadens adoraberis me’ was the phrase supposedly said to Jesus by the devil as they looked down from a mountain on the kingdoms of the world – All this I shall give you if you kneel and worship me.
The Tibidabo is easily recognisable not just for its height, but for the iconic combination of church of the Sagrat Cor and the multi-colored ferris wheel of the amusement park, both sitting at the top of the highest summit of the Collserola mountain range. The mountain, at 512 meters tall, borders Barcelona to the North and for those who trek through the national park to its summit get rewarded with beautiful panoramic views of the whole city and the Mediterranean Sea.
Salsa from the latin salsus and the verb sallere, to put salt.
In Mexico, salsas are part of everyday life they provide a contrast or compliment for the palate and a seasoning to the soul. No decent Mexican meal is absent of salsas. With this, the business of the exporting a bit of Mexico to the world exploits the longing people have for their home. In Spain, the number of inhabitants born in Mexico has increased 38% in the last decade, being around 52,500 in 2016. Anyone who really knows the Mexican culture would then appreciate finding this in the alleys of a foreign city thousands of kilometres from Mexico.
Once upon a time, here lay the dam of Vallvidrera’s swamp that supplied drinking water to Sarrià. In the mid 1860’s it was a feat in engineering as it is a reservoir built with billets, 50 meters long, 3 meters wide and 15 meters high. Next to it, the Grott quarry was the one that took the water to its final destination. The quarry later became a 1.5km electric train track for passengers in an effort to create an amusement park called Lake Valley. The inside of the tunnel was lit up by different coloured lights.
The whole site is now a natural park protected to preserve some local fauna and provide hikers and walkers an opportunity to enjoy nature, stretch their legs and end up on the wrong path. Even if you do, there is still enough routes to enjoy in the area.
A perfect day trip to escape the busy city of Barcelona or to walk along ancient walls, to lose oneself in a maze of narrow alleyways, stairs, small corners and courtyards or just to see Braavos, from the famous Game of Thrones, is Girona. Or as it was originally known to the romans, “Gerunda”. Northeast Catalunya and only about 100km from Barcelona sits this ancient medieval city which was built during the Roman period in the 1st century BC. The city once served as a meeting point for trade during the height of Jewish rule in medieval times which explains its Jewish importance and abundance. All around Girona, the famous wall or “Passeig de la Muralla” offers a great walk and way to see the city and surroundings.
After the walls take time to find the quiet streets and sample some of the local snacks and delicacies.
This is another of Gaudí’s buildings that incorporated many artisans of different and impressive crafts such as ironwork, woodwork, ceramics, stained glass and stonework; but one of his very first constructions and one he saw completed in his lifetime. Palau Güell’s construction began in October 1886 and it was also commissioned by Eusebi Güell. All the artisans, workers and people around the Güell family were excited for the new project except for the family’s accountant.
Palau Güell is constructed on 7 levels, which include stables, rooms, halls, prayer spaces; in essence, each level fulfilled a different function and they all seem to flow naturally from one to the other. In the centre of the Palau there is a ventilator shaft to keep the air fresh. And in the roof there are 20 adorned chimneys, which also serve to ventilate the house. Gaudi believed that if something was needed functionally for a building then it should be appropriately decorated.
Part of the “discord bloc”, casa Batllo is one of a few houses that have made a patch of Passeig the Gracia famous. In spanish manzana means both “block” and “apple” making this a pun – the apple of Discord, referring to the very different styles of homes next to each other.
Casa Batllo is another Gaudi building. Once a boring flat complex, Antoni Gaudi was commissioned to demolish and rebuild, he convinced Josep Batllo i Casanovas, its owner, to refurbish it instead in 1902.
One of the distinctive features of the house is the roof terrace due to its famous dragon back design. The tiles on the roof make it look like scales of a dragon and the cross it is said to represent a sword insinuating when the knight saved the princess from the fearsome dragon.
This house also has a lift that was first installed by Gaudi and is now used only for less mobile visitors or in case of emergencies. I can say for certain that more than 100 years later, it still works.
The Sitges county has around 17 beaches. All small but with their own character and personality. Platja del Garraf is only 380 meters long and around 28 meters wide but it has 33 little green and white houses that were once built for the workers who built the train tracks and fishermen. Only 30 kms south of Barcelona, this beach is a perfect trip for a picnic and a swim.
Tourists, pilgrims and believers visit this popular destination, The Monastery of Montserrat, to visit the Black Madonna, patron saint of Catalonia. Known to locals as “La Moreneta” due to its colour, she was attributed many miracles in the 12th Century.
The Monastery sits two thirds up Montserrat, the ‘serrated mountain’, called so due to its shape which can be viewed from afar. The peak of St Jerome stands tall at 1,236 meters above sea level and only 45 km northwest of Barcelona. A funicular goes almost all the way up to the top. The keyword being almost as from the funicular there is still a steep hiking trails which leads through the nature park to the top of the mountains and reward hikers with a magnificent view of Catalonia.
The Monastery faced difficult times during the Franco dictatorship but they put up resistance. Despite the ban in those days, Catalan was still spoken and fairs were held in that language, many persecutees of the Franco regime were also in hiding there. As a result, around 20 monks were executed. This defiance makes the Montserrat Monastery an important symbol the fight against oppression.
Surrounded by sea, Spain offers an opportunity to taste a wide variety of creatures from the ocean. Sometimes even what was once used, and still is used, as bait years later becomes a delicacy.
These fish are long, thin molluscs with shells that look like the old cut-throat razors and are sometimes aso known as razor clams. They swim vertically, in sychronised groups, with their long snouts pointing down.
Sometimes they are harvested by hand or trailing an electric cable behind a boat to struck the fish.