Among the sand, on promenades, or in groups of tiny “villages”, are brightly coloured, shed-like structures that make the British coastline unique. It is estimated that there are at least 20,000 of these typical and iconic beach huts along England’s shores.
Local authorities usually stipulate colour schemes. Here in Hove, beach huts must be a specific iceplant green and dark cherry. Doors can be any single solid colour or vertically striped in multiple colours. Hut doors can now be constructed from either panelling or tongue and groove.
A licence fee for 2018/19 is £367.20 including VAT.
These huts are in not in Brighton but in Hove, actually. An important distinction between where is posh and where is not.
Back in the day, there was only one bridge in London: the London Bridge. This meant that anything coming into London by boat would have to pass the tower. Hence giving it the importance it had as a defence building. It was also the highest building around, I would imagine making an impressive sight.
The Tower of London is not as bloody as they make it seem. There were only 22 executions that actually took place within the Tower. It was also not meant to be a prison but its location meant that to was quite convenient for it to be so.
The Tower of London was also not meant to be a zoo but in the 1200s the King received exotic animals such as elephants and polar bears as gifts and thus a zoo was started. It remained there for 600 years. In 1835 the zoo part of the tower closed and all the animals where moved to the new London Zoo in Regent’s Park.
It is known that the Crown jewels are kept in the Tower of London. What is not known is that the oldest and only original item of the jewels is a spoon. The story says that after the English civil war, the parliamentarians that won wanted to get rid of the Crown and thus the jewels. They sold the jewels cheaply and an employee bought the spoon. When the Royalty was re-established this said individual sold the spoon for a lot more, making it a worthwhile investment. The rest of the jewels were never recovered, most of them were melted into weapons.
The Tower of London is now also a residence for about 140 people. These people are the Yeoman Warders or Beefeaters – which name comes from their role as food tasters to the King when they ate his beef to ensure it wasn’t poisoned. To be part of the Beefeaters, individuals must have completed 22 years service in the Forces and be at least a former warrant officer holding the Good Conduct and Long Service medals. A fair requirement for your own pub at the Tower of London I would say!
Less than an hour South East from London by train, is one of the UK’s most popular destinations and one of the top 10 attractions in England outside of London. It’s Official Name Is Brighton Marine Palace and Pier. This pier was the third to be built and it had to be closed during the WWII to prevent it being used by enemy troops as a landing point for an invasion. Given its almost 2km length, it is not a surprise that it takes 3 months to paint the pier. And by night this sight is very different with the 60,000 lightbulbs that lights it up.
The only question I have is, if this officially is Brighton and Hove, how come the pier is not called the Brighton and Hove Marine Palace and Pier?
A ferry ride east from the bustling centre of Lerwick into another world is Bressay – a quiet, rural island with friendly people. The 340 residents are still grieving the closure of the single school and celebrating the re-opening of the only hotel in the island. The hotel houses the pub in the island. An Anglo-Bulgarian couple bought the premises after being closed for 3 years. They have invested time and money to refurbish the place and make their living out of it for the past 18 months. Now, the Maryfield House attracts locals to the pub, people from Lerwick looking for a different dinning option and random tourists from all over the world.
The pub has a collection of shields from the Up Helly Aa festival in Shetland. Some date from the 70s and had been semi-abandoned in the island resident’s attics. It was the perfect ambience for an English vs. Colombia world cup game. And the celebrations that continued into the night.
Otters are the largest member of the weasel family. Without fat to keep them warm, otters have to eat constantly to make up for the energy needed to maintain their body temperature. Some have even been seen taking rabbits. Otters may live in salt water, but they need regular access to freshwater to clean their fur. A small puddle will do.
Otters can be shy and elusive, but with patience and a few tricks there’s a good chance of seeing one. In Shetland, due to the long hours of summer daylight, otters have become used to going around in daytime as opposed to being nocturnal as in most other parts the world. In early summer female otters can be seen showing their cubs (usually two) how to hunt in the shallows of the kelp forest of Shetland. Like these two. Summer is also when the older cubs start exploring new territory.
To be successful in otter spotting, it is important to remember that otters have good smell and bad eye sight so, avoid your silhouette breaking the skyline. Also, make sure the wind is not blowing towards the otters as your scent will scare them off. Finally add in a small dose of luck and there they are.
Shetland is a group of islands located in the North Sea, North of Scotland and West of Norway. Unst, the most northerly populated island in Britain, is often known as the island above all others. Population: 600.
The Hermaness National Nature Reserve, up top Unst, has magnificent views during its walk in the high cliffs. This walk is also full of up close encounters with sea birds, especially the Great Skua (or Bonxie as the locals know it) as here is a breeding ground for them. These birds can be quite aggressive in breeding season, so sticking to the path is the best caution whilst walking.
Even further North than Unst is the Muckle Flugga Lighthouse, built on a pinnacle of rock in Oost (Out of Stack) that rises 61m above the sea, and is frequently overtopped by unbroken waves. This is Britain’s most northerly lighthouse. Three people manned this remote spot, ferried with supplies when they could.
The lighthouse was known originally as North Unst Lighthouse. In 1964 its name changed to Muckle Flugga — derived from the Old Norse for ‘large steep-sided island’.
Puffins, or clifftop clowns, have one of the biggest colonies here, in a tucked away British island somewhere between Scotland and Norway.
As advertised, Shetland is a birdwatchers paradise and these little fellows share the impressive cliffs with gannets, fulmars, guillemots, razorbirds, kittiwakes and shags.
Their beaks full of colour remind me of toucans, but puffins are not graceful landing nor flying. If anything they are rather clumsy and quite comical. They use their colourful beaks and powerful legs to dig out the same burrows where each spring puffin couples return to procreate.
How many can you count?
To make the water of life all you need is barley, water, yeast and time.
The barley is best if it is still slightly green and it is then heated up with steam from peat to give the grains a smokey flavour. It is wetted and spread out on malting floors to germinate, being turned regularly to prevent the build up of heat. The barley is grinded to a perfect consistency to then be mixed with water at different temperatures. The mix gets yeast added to it to ferment. It is then distilled twice in specific stills. Some say their shape affects the whisky reason why distilleries try and keep their stills exactly the same for years. Whisky, to be called that, and to be sold needs to be aged in either sherry or bourbon barrels; this gives the drink its unique colour.
All the distillate passes through a mechanism called the still safe which were traditionally controlled by the Customs department by holding the key. The contraption allows whisky makers to test the alcohol contents and nowadays the keys are held by the distilling houses but still need to keep tight controls of who has access to prove the beverage was not tampered with.
Whether you like your Scottish drink light, smoky, rich or delicate, there is no other place better than this Scottish corner.
Legend has it that this castle was built on a site where a clan chief was converted to Christianity on his death bed. History has it that the first area of the castle was built in 1200. Whatever its beginnings, through its history, this castle witnessed violent squabbles between the Scottish clans and later between, the English and Scottish.
Urquhart castle was repeatedly raided by the MacDonald clan for anything of value, even the doors, locks and bolts was taken at one point. These walls also saw the British civil war. By the end of it, the castle was blown up as it was no longer considered of any strategic value.
Its position on one of the ways through scotland was the main reason for the disputes in the past though now, being at the very edge of, Loch Ness – home of ‘Nessie’ or the famous Loch Ness Monster, gives the ex-castle a mystical and mysterious air.
It is no wonder that the Jacobite Train was chosen in one of the most famous, and recent, films on Earth as the Hogwarts Express. The 84-mile round trip train journey that this steam train travels between Fort William and Mallaig, as part of the West Highland Railway Line, is one of the greatest rail journeys in the world.
The route starts near the highest mountain in Britain, Ben Nevis, it wizzed past lochs, including the deepest freshwater loch in Britain, Loch Morar, and the deepest seawater loch in Europe, Loch Nevis. The scenery is nothing but spectacular! The train also crosses the Glenfinnan Viaduct known for its remarkable engineering and made popular by the Harry Potter film. This magnificent landscape comes at a cost; the steep gradients means that powerful steam locomotives are required. The train line still has jointed tracks so the old fashioned chugging of the wheels is still heard onboard and whilst traveling on the Jacobite.
The railway extension to Mallaig, the last stop of the journey from Fort William, opened in 1901. It was amongst the last big lines to be built in Britain, late enough to have its viaducts built of concrete. The service in this line was never more than two or three trains a day for fishermen sending fish boxes and a few dozen travellers back and forth the Hebrides. As it made little economic sense, soon after the route opened, it began to be threatened to shut down.
In 1984, in an attempt to boost tourism, steam locomotives were re-introduced in part of the line and it was so successful that the service continued. In 1995, after the privatization of British Rail, the service was re-named ‘The Jacobite’ and its responsibility passed to West Highlander Trains. In 2001 this train line hit the big screen and its popularity has only grown since. Thought thankfully it hasn’t been commercialised too much and its focus is still whats important: the magnificent journey.